Kars de Bruijne is a Senior Research Fellow at Clingendael's Security Unit. At the Conflict Research Unit (CRU), Kars heads the Greater Sahel Programme which focuses on the manifestation of hybrid governance under fragmented sovereignty in the Sahel and Coastal West Africa. His expertise is on the study of political violence (conflict dynamics, gangs and rebel movement strategy), subnational governance arrangement and their link to the central power, and elite politics in West Africa. Kars holds a PhD in conflict studies on rationalist explanations for (civil) conflict and degrees in International Relations, History, and Philosophy. Previously, he worked as a Senior Researcher at the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED) heading among others the West Africa Desk. He is also a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Sussex in the ERC-consolidator project Violence, Elites and Resilience in States under Stress (VERSUS).

When Emerging Democracies Breed Violence: Sierra Leone 20 Years after the Civil War

This is a joint report produced by the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED) in partnership with Clingendael – the Netherlands Institute of International Relations and the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding-Sierra Leone (WANEP-SL). Download a PDF Introduction During the 1990s, Sierra Leone was a synonym for violence, with a major war ravaging…

Authoritarianism Is Guinea’s First Coronavirus Survivor

How might the coronavirus influence political violence? Arguably, one of the countries where the coronavirus has altered patterns most severely is in Guinea. Since October 2019, Guinea has experienced large-scale, violent demonstrations against a proposed change of the constitution. The coronavirus outbreak has allowed the regime to silence protests, to push through constitutional changes, to…

The State of Syria: October 2018

Introducing ACLED’s control map of Syria, a novel examination of the country’s changing political violence landscape, developed by Senior Syria Researcher Dr. Kars de Bruijne, Assistant Syria Research Manager Stephanie Anderson, Syria Research Manager Muaz A. and Researcher Nick Grinstead, with contributions from the Syria Research Team. Updated versions of the map will be released…

Special Focus on Coalition Forces in the Middle East

In today’s world, external actors are more often intervening in conflicts globally; more domestic armed conflicts have involved external states’ direct intervention in recent years than in any year since the end of World War II. This is especially the case in the Middle East, in which this internationalization is how foreign military power is…