Paul Swartzendruber is an Asia Researcher with ACLED. He received a BA in French from the University of Texas at Austin, an ALM in International Relations from Harvard University, and an MS in Intelligence Management from the University of Maryland University College. Mr. Swartzendruber has studied and worked in the French language in Europe and West Africa. His research interests lie in counterterrorism issues in Southeast Asia, particularly as they relate to U.S. interests in the region.

The Complexity of Disorder in India

As India celebrated its 72nd Independence Day on 15 August 2018, the country continues to face multiple and complex challenges. Disorder—including political violence and protests—is increasingly multidimensional, complex, and evolving (OECD, 2016; United Nations & World Bank, 2018). Multiple types of disorder can co-occur across states, can interact, and may involve different agents as well…

Islamist Violence in Indonesia

Since May 1, domestic Indonesian Islamist groups that pledged allegiance to the Islamic State (IS) launched several attacks — the first violent acts perpetrated by an IS-affiliated group since the January 2016 attacks in central Jakarta. With Indonesia’s IS supporters no longer traveling to the Middle East since the decline of IS activity in Syria…

Naxalite-Maoist Conflict in India 1 January 2016 to Present

Violent conflict involving Naxalite-Maoist rebels in India’s Red Corridor has contributed to a recent increase in political violence in India. Maoist rebels have been engaged in a war against the Government of India since 2004. The insurgency is led by the Communist Party of India (Maoist) whose aim is to overthrow the Indian government and…

Demonstrations in India

Demonstrations make up 90% of all events in India, yet the modes in which they manifest, who is involved in them, and whether state forces get involved vary based on the region of India in which they occur. In addition to demonstrations like those seen across other country contexts, there are some distinct types of…

Bangladesh Conflict Brief

From mid-2017 through March 2018, Bangladesh experienced a moderate level of political violence and protest relative to the rest of South and Southeast Asia. About half of all events recorded in Bangladesh have been riots and protests. The majority of these occur in the capital, Dhaka. The number of riots and protests has fallen since…