The Nigerian Election and the Politicisation of the Boko Haram Insurgency

Boko Haram’s recent seizure of various territories has been noted as a significant evolution in the group’s tactics. Figure 1 shows that Boko Haram has managed to seize territory throughout Borno and has even successfully invaded settlements in the neighbouring state of Yobe. As political factions in Nigeria prepare for the 2015 elections, it is increasingly clear…

The Rise of Operation Libya Dawn in Tripoli

The week ending 13 September 2014 witnessed the highest intensity of violence involving the Operation Libya Dawn forces since the beginning of the conflict in July 2014 (see Figure 1). Groups loosely affiliated under Operation Libya Dawn continue to expand as the Libya Shield Brigade, Janzur militia and forces from Al Zawiyah added their auxiliary…

A Breakdown of Libya’s Warring Militia Groups

The complex political make-up of Libya’s fractured fighting groups has seen indiscriminate shelling of civilian areas as rival political and communal militias dominate the conflict landscape (see Figure 1).  According to an estimate by UNSMIL, since the fighting began in May 2014, at least 100,000 Libyans have been internally displaced (UNSMIL, 2014: 7). Fighting in Benghazi…

Update of ACLED Resources on Central African Republic

CAR has long been a site of numerous crises. The recent escalation in violent conflict in the country has seen a dramatic increase in the intensity and frequency of attacks on civilians in particular. ACLED researchers have compiled a selection of resources to facilitate analysis of the levels of violence within CAR over time. ACLED CAR Monadic File…

Repression and the Imbonerakure in Burundi

In the run up to the 2015 elections, Burundi has recently come under international scrutiny due to its shrinking political space and the increasingly repressive tactics of its current leading party, the National Council for the Defence of Democracy-Forces for the Defence of Democracy (CNDD-FDD). A recent report by Amnesty International chronicled a list of…

Political fragmentation in Libya puts foreign intervention on the global agenda

Islamist militias from the city of Misrata claimed control of Tripoli airport from the rival Zintan forces on August 23, 2014 after weeks of deadly clashes in the conflict hotspots of Tripoli and Benghazi (see Fig. 1). Despite this recent development, it is unlikely to quell the endemic unrest as Libya witnesses deepening domestic political…

Tunisia: Balancing political and security priorities

The announcement of Tunisia’s planned purchase of 12 U.S. Black Hawk attack helicopters directed international media attention towards the Tunisian military forces’ continued engagement with a violent Islamist insurgency in the Mount Chaambi and Mount Semmama areas of Kasserine in August. Despite President Marzouki’s justification of the military expansion as a “matter of urgency” (Al…

ACLED Resources on Kenya

Kenya is currently suffering from multiple security crises tied to overlapping political tensions at home and abroad. Over the past couple of months individual incidences of violence against civilians have become more lethal, leading to a dramatic rise in civilian fatalities. ACLED researchers have compiled a selection of resources to facilitate analysis of the levels…

The trend of increasing violence in post-Gaddafi Libya

Ongoing fighting between rival militias around Tripoli Airport and battles between the military and Islamist militias in Benghazi have grabbed international headlines and put the post-civil war breakdown of law and order in the North African nation back in the spotlight (BBC, 2014). Both the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and the European Union…