Tunisia’s October Elections and Collective Action

Electoral violence has long spurred debate over the catalysing effects of party rivalries, the strive for democratic institutions, and social divisions on conflict patterns. With parliamentary and presidential elections due to be held in Tunisia on 26 October and 23 November respectively, a number of key factors may be instrumental in shaping conflict in the country over the coming months.…

Pre-Election Conflict in Mozambique

Mozambique continues to experience a marked escalation in conflict, dating from late 2013.  An increased number of battles and instances of violence against civilians involving the ruling Frente de Libertacao de Mocambique (FRELIMO) party – who have held a monopoly on ruling power since independence from Portugal in 1975 – and opposition party the Mozambican Resistance Movement (RENAMO) contributes to this recent violence. …

Conflict in South Sudan: The Rising Role of Political and Ethnic Militias

The civil war in South Sudan continues.  The sixth round of peace talks between president Salva Kiir and SPLA/M-In Opposition leader and former vice-president Riek Machar was delayed last week due to agenda disagreements.[1] …

The Changing Actors of Political Violence in Zimbabwe

Since the upheaval of the 2008 Zimbabwean presidential elections in which much of the political violence and intimidation recorded was attributed to the Zimbabwean African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), the level of political violence in Zimbabwe and the composition of its perpetrators  has changed dramatically.…

The Nigerian Election and the Politicisation of the Boko Haram Insurgency

Boko Haram’s recent seizure of various territories has been noted as a significant evolution in the group’s tactics. Figure 1 shows that Boko Haram has managed to seize territory throughout Borno and has even successfully invaded settlements in the neighbouring state of Yobe.…

The Rise of Operation Libya Dawn in Tripoli

The week ending 13 September 2014 witnessed the highest intensity of violence involving the Operation Libya Dawn forces since the beginning of the conflict in July 2014 (see Figure 1). Groups loosely affiliated under Operation Libya Dawn continue to expand as the Libya Shield Brigade, Janzur militia and forces from Al Zawiyah added their auxiliary support to the Misratan-led coalition.…