María Fernanda Arocha is the Central America Assistant Research Manager at ACLED. She holds a Master’s degree in Peace, Conflict, and Development from the University of Bradford and a B.A. in Political Science. Her research interests are related to organized crime dynamics, security policies, and their impacts on development conditions, especially in the Latin American region.

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
6-12 February 2021

Last week in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, demonstrations and political violence remained high. In Haiti, demonstrations to demand the end of President Jovenel Moïse’s term continued amid several arrests of political opponents accused of attempting a coup. Police repression of these demonstrations left several journalists injured. In Mexico, violence against political representatives resulted…

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
16-22 January 2021

Last week, demonstrations remained stable in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. In Haiti, demonstrations against insecurity and calls for President Jovenel Moise to step down continued. Meanwhile, in Guatemala, law enforcement clashed with migrants from Honduras trying to force their way across the border on their journey to the United States. In Nicaragua, alleged…

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
9-15 January 2021

Despite an overall decrease in violence against civilians last week, gang activities continued to claim lives in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. In Mexico, gang disputes intensified in the state of Michoacan and Guanajuato, resulting in a number of fatalities. Amidst clashes between gangs, attacks against politicians continued in Mexico as well, with the…

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
13 December 2020-8 January 2021

Over the past four weeks in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, political violence and demonstrations decreased. However, attacks against politicians and former government representatives continued in Mexico with the killing of two candidates running for mayor, a former governor, and a former mayor. Meanwhile, in Nicaragua and Honduras, members of the opposition and environmental…

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
6-12 December 2020

Last week in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, journalists and political activists continued to be the targets of attacks. In Nicaragua, a member of the Mayangna indigenous community was killed by a local militia, while police attacked a human rights activist advocating for indigenous rights. In Mexico, a journalist investigating a homicide was killed…

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
29 November-5 December 2020

Last week in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, political activists and opposition groups continued to be repressed by state forces. In Cuba, government repression continued with a new wave of arrests of members of the San Isidro Movement. In Nicaragua, police arrested and physically assaulted members of the opposition. Meanwhile, gang violence continued across…

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
22-28 November 2020

Last week in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, demonstrations remained high. In Cuba, repression by state forces of a hunger strike organized by the San Isidro Movement following the arrest of an activist triggered demonstrations of unprecedented scale in recent history. In Guatemala, demonstrations against the 2021 national budget continued amid allegations of state…

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
15-21 November 2020

Last week in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, the number of demonstration events remained high. Anti-government demonstrations were reported in Guatemala, Haiti, and Costa Rica. In Guatemala, the approval of the 2021 budget amid suspicions of corruption led to discontent. In Haiti, the impunity of gangs and resulting insecurity continued to drive mobilization. In…

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
8-14 November 2020

Last week in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean region, the number of violence against civilians remained high. In Mexico, Guatemala, and Cuba, journalists continue to be the victims of targeted attacks. In Mexico, a journalist was killed in the state of Guanajuato, sparking demonstrations across several states. In Guatemala, a journalist was shot and…

Regional Overview: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
1-7 November 2020

Last week in the Mexico, Central America, and Caribbean region, a number of developments took place. Hundreds of women demonstrated in Mexico on the Day of the Dead (2 November) against gender-based violence. Elsewhere in Mexico, teachers affiliated with the National Coordination of Education Workers (CNTE) continued to demonstrate in the state of Michoacan. They…