India-Pakistan Relations

The end of 2015 signalled a high note in India-Pakistan relations with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi paying a historic visit on December 25 to his Pakistani counterpart, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif (BBC News, 1 January 2016). This was the first visit by an Indian Prime Minister to Pakistan in over a decade. However, hopes for…

Targeting Religious Minorities in Pakistan

Between January and July 2016, ACLED data recorded 83 fatalities among specific religious minority groups in Pakistan.The vast majority of those killed (72) are the result of a Jamaat-ul-Ahrar coordinated bomb-blast that took place in a Christian neighbourhood of Lahore on Easter Sunday. This attack spurred government action to deal with the targeting of minorities.…

Caste Violence in India Sparks Dalit Protests

July and August 2016 witnessed an unprecedented surge of Dalit protest against their systematic discrimination. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s home state of Gujarat experienced the bulk of the protests, which resulted in the resignation of Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel, and the continued struggle of the the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) state government to restore…

Electoral Violence in South Asia: Local Elections in West Bengal & Bangladesh

Between March and June, local elections in Bangladesh and in West Bengal, India,  led to a spike in political violence and protests. Despite a long-standing history of electoral violence in both areas, the extent and pattern of violence, especially in Bangladesh, is considered unprecedented (Gulf Times 2016). The event count during the elections doubled in Bangladesh…

2015 Review of Jammu & Kashmir

The territory of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) is a unique context where many attributes of political violence differ in disputed territories. India administers J&K as a state under the federal government, while Pakistan- which refers to its section as Azad Jammu & Kashmir (AJK)- administers it as a self-governing state. The division of the region…

Examining Claims of Rising Intolerance in India

Over the last three months, demonstrations and violent clashes against Muslims and Hindu extremists have sparked public outcries against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led government for deepening fissures between the two communities. Although communal tensions between Muslims and Hindus in India is far from unexamined (see ACLED’s Conflict Trends Report No. 3 for an analysis…

Asian Overview 2015

In February 2016 ACLED released the first annual dataset of South and Southeast Asia political violence and protest data. This set covers events in 2015 across ten South and Southeast Asian states. 10,195 political violence and protest events are recorded in 2015. ACLED’s team is also working to record historical data from 2010 in Pakistan, India,…

Targeting Civilians in South and Southeast Asia

South and Southeast Asian countries have witnessed 561 violent events targeting civilians in 2015 so far. Over half of these events, 293, cannot be verifiably linked to any specific group. Yet the remaining 268 events can be traced to specific rebel groups and political militias. In Bangladesh, the political rivalry between the Bangladesh National Party…