Democratic Republic of Congo – September 2016 Update

On 14 August 2016 an attack by suspected ADF-NALU   rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s (DRC) North Kivu province killed between 45-51 people (Xinhua, 14 August 2016; Telesur, 16 August 2016), with some official estimates putting the fatality count as high as 75-101 (Al Jazeera, 14 August 2016; United Methodist News, 17 August 2016).…

Zambia – September 2016 Update

Zambia provides a typical case study for the growing protest movements appearing in sub-Saharan Africa in response to fragile economies and illiberal multiparty democracy (The Economist, 20 August 2016). With declining copper prices, unequal distribution of wealth (World Bank, 8 April 2016) and claims of a fraudulent election victory for Edgar Lungu, since May 2016 Zambia has been hit by the highest levels of riots and protests since October 2014 (see Figure 1).…