Bhavani Castro is the South America Research Manager at ACLED. She holds a M.A. in International Security from the Institut d´Études Politiques de Paris – Sciences Po Paris, and a B.A. in International Relations from University of São Paulo. Her research interests include ethno-nationalist conflicts, communal violence, and non-state armed groups and gender. She is fluent in Portuguese, English, and French and is based in São Paulo, Brazil.

Regional Overview: South America
8-14 March 2020

Last week in South America, key developments include: increased unrest in Chile; clashes involving the National Liberation Army (ELN) and political killings in Colombia; clashes between armed groups on the Colombian-Venezuelan border; opposition-led protests in Venezuela; continued risk to civilians caught in the crosshairs of fighting between armed groups in Brazil; and continued civil unrest in Guyana following a contested election process.…

Regional Overview: South America
23-29 February 2020

Last week in South America, key developments include: three political killings in Colombia by armed groups; increased polarization leading to targeted attacks in Venezuela and Bolivia; continued violence involving the ELN in Venezuela; continued unrest in Chile; and a sustained strike by military police in Brazil alongside continued risk to civilians caught in the crossfire of fighting between state forces and criminal groups.…

The Complexity of Disorder in India

As India celebrated its 72nd Independence Day on 15 August 2018, the country continues to face multiple and complex challenges. Disorder—including political violence and protests—is increasingly multidimensional, complex, and evolving (OECD, 2016; United Nations & World Bank, 2018).…