Leadership Survival and Hired Guns

Regimes in developing states engage in practices of ‘violence management’ that involve both offensive and defensive strategies to contain, repress, and curtail various domestic threats. Some of these strategies include public repression, counterbalancing (fragmenting military and police units through offering varying levels of support, equipping units differently, and the creation of paramilitary forces) and supporting pro-government militias (PGMs) to combat opponents within and outside of the regime.…

Violent Trends in Pakistan 2015

Pakistan remains one of the most active conflict environments in South Asia. Throughout 2015, Pakistan’s violence is concentrated into several high intensity geographic spaces; the most fatal, intense battles occurred primarily in the states of Balochistan and FATA (see figure below).…

Sudan — January 2016 Update

On 31 December, Sudan President Omar al-Bashir announced a 30-day ceasefire for the regions of Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile (Radio Dabanga, 8 January 2015). The ceasefire came on the heels of joint attacks by the military, Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and Sudanese Air Force (SAF) on villages surrounding Jebel Marrah in Darfur (see Figure 1).…