5 Hidden Conflicts in the Middle East: #1 Shiite Discontent in Bahrain & Ash Sharqiyah Region of Saudi Arabia

In this series of infographics, ACLED’s Research Analyst, Melissa Pavlik, explores 5 hidden or under-reported conflicts across the Middle East. The first is Shiite Discontent in Bahrain & Ash Sharqiyah Region of Saudi Arabia (2017 – Present).…

One Year of Battles in the Yemeni Civil War

Despite the sense of widespread disorder conveyed by the dominant narrative on Yemen, the frontlines of the war pitting forces of the (former) Houthi-Saleh alliance against those loyal to the internationally-recognised government have largely remained static over the past year.…

Comparative Analysis of Riots and Protests in Jammu & Kashmir and Azad Jammu & Kashmir

Since 1947, control of the Greater Kashmir region (formerly the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir) has been a topic of continual dispute between India and Pakistan. The two nations have fought three wars over the territory, and the physical conflict remains ongoing with “ceasefire violations” from both sides occurring across the Line of Control (LoC).…

Airstrikes in Syria: The Regimes Renewed Mode of Violence

A feature of modern conflict is the frequent usage of airstrikes. Airwars (an ACLED partner) notes that Coalition and Russian airstrikes have declined since the last quarter of 2017 (while the preceding three quarters showed very high activity).[1]…

Myanmar: Conflict Update

Overview Despite a ceasefire agreement in 2015[1], violence in Myanmar has increased as clashes between government and non-state groups[2] continues to grow in areas party to the ceasefire and those not (see Figures 1 and 2).…

Pro-Government Militia Autonomy on the Battlefield in Syria

The presence of pro-government militias during civil wars has been a prominent feature in armed conflicts across the globe, and Syria is no exception (Kishi and Raleigh, 2018). The Syrian government first mobilised loyalist gangs, known as “Shabiha,” to act against civilian opposition when peaceful demonstrations began in Syria in 2011 (Marsh and Siddique, 2011).…

Loyalist Militia Involvement in Battles in Syria

Since the beginning of the Syrian Civil War, the Assad regime’s army has faced a manpower issue due to defection and desertion. It has partially solved this problem by fostering and allying with loyalist militias, both domestic and foreign, in order to defend and recapture territory in Syria.…