Franziska Pfadt is the Learning Coordinator at ACLED. She holds a LL.M. in International Law from Leiden University and a B.A. in Political Science and Law. Her research interests include children in conflict, human rights in armed conflicts, and the protection of civilians in modern warfare.

Regional Overview: Central America and the Caribbean
14-20 June 2020

In Central America and the Caribbean, demonstrations remained high last week. In addition to demonstrations calling for the provision of state subsidies and the resumption of business activity, anti-government protests took place in Mexico and health workers protested for better working conditions around the region. Violence targeting civilians increased in the Northern Triangle in comparison…

Regional Overview: Central America and the Caribbean
31 May – 6 June 2020

Last week battles and violence targeting civilians decreased in Central America and the Caribbean in comparison to the previous two weeks. However, turf wars between gangs continued in Mexico, leading to several lethal attacks. The coronavirus pandemic remains a key driver for demonstration activity, but the American Black Lives Matter movement also sparked demonstrations across…

Central America and COVID-19: The Pandemic’s Impact on Gang Violence

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the socio-economic and political landscape in Central America – again revealing the degree to which criminal actors are intertwined with local, national, regional, and even global economies. New restrictions on mobility and business activity have forced gangs and cartels to adapt, with major consequences for security and stability. ACLED data…

Regional Overview: Central America and the Caribbean
10-16 May 2020

The number of demonstrations remained relatively unchanged in Central America and the Caribbean as coronavirus-related restrictions continue to disrupt daily activities. The number of battles remained high, while violence targeting civilians slightly decreased after a spike in mid-April. Workers from different sectors protested to call for the lifting of work restrictions implemented during the pandemic.…

Regional Overview: Central America and the Caribbean
3-9 May 2020

In Central America and the Caribbean, battles and violence targeting civilians continued at similar levels to weeks prior. The coronavirus pandemic remains the main driver for demonstration activity across the region. Health workers continued to protest for greater protection against the coronavirus and improved working conditions in Mexico. In Honduras, Mexico, and Panama, workers continued…

Regional Overview: Central America and the Caribbean
19-25 April 2020

Last week, battles and violence targeting civilians increased in Central America and the Caribbean, along with the number of reported fatalities stemming from these events. Rising gang violence prompted several governments across the region to bolster security. As some states further expanded coronavirus-related restrictions, demonstrations over adverse effects of the lockdown policies continued. The coronavirus…

Regional Overview: Central America and the Caribbean
12-18 April 2020

Gang violence continued steadily across Central America and the Caribbean last week, while violence targeting civilians increased after remaining low through the beginning of April. Demonstrations over the spread of coronavirus and insufficient government responses continued across the region. In several countries, police attacked civilians while enforcing coronavirus-related restrictions. The perception that governments have taken…

Regional Overview: Central America and the Caribbean
5-11 April 2020

In Central America and the Caribbean, violence targeting civilians continued to trend below recent levels. However, battles between state forces and gang members, as well as violence between gangs, continued steadily in Mexico and the Northern Triangle. The economic consequences of government responses to the coronavirus pandemic fueled unrest throughout the region. The economic fall-out…