Explosions/Remote Violence in War

ACLED classifies Explosions/Remote violence events as asymmetric violent events aimed at creating asymmetrical conflict dynamics by preventing the target from responding. A variety of tactics are considered Explosions/Remote violence including bombs, grenades, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), artillery fire or shelling, missile attacks, heavy machine gun fire, air or drone strikes, chemical weapons, and suicide bombings.…

Suicide Bombings against Civilians and Government Targets in Africa, the Middle East, and Southern Asia

Since the first suicide bombing recorded by ACLED in 2002, there have been more than 1,600 suicide bombings, which have resulted in more than 18,000 reported fatalities. The most suicide bombings have been recorded in Iraq (where there have been more than 340 suicide bombings), Pakistan (more than 280), Nigeria (more than 250), Afghanistan (more…

Regional Overview – Middle East 5 March 2019

Throughout the Middle East region last week, overall instances of battles continued to decrease, while remote violence events, such as airstrikes and IED attacks, also decreased following a two-month upward trend. Despite this, reported fatalities increased significantly, especially in Yemen, where the above trends were reversed. Demonstration events, meanwhile, decreased across all countries in the…

Beyond the Caliphate: The Islamic State’s Global Future

ACLED Research Analyst Melissa Pavlik tracks Islamic State activity outside of its former “caliphate” in Iraq and Syria, evaluating the militant group’s continued potential for global disruption.* ________ *Correction: This infographic previously included activity where the specific faction of Boko Haram involved in the event (Barnawi or Shekau faction) was unknown based on reporting. As…

Regional Overview – Middle East 26 February 2019

Throughout the Middle East region last week, instances of battles continued to decrease, while remote violence events such as airstrikes and IED attacks increased, particularly in Syria. This trend has been ongoing since approximately the beginning of 2019. Reported fatalities remained at a level similar to the previous week, decreasing only slightly. Meanwhile, demonstrations decreased…