Remote-Violence, Bombings and Conflict Part 1: The patterns of bombings in post-Arab Spring North Africa

While the Arab Spring was lauded as a triumph of democracy by various Western politicians, the response from security analysts have been more ambiguous (CNN, 28 May 2011). There have been concerns that the dramatic shifts, or outright disintegration, of existing power structures could aid international and domestic conflict, particularly within the region (BBC News,…

Freedom of expression in Libya undermined by targeted civilian killings

Since elections on June 25th, Libya’s volatile political landscape has, to a great extent, been characterised by warring political and ethnic militias vying for power and control. A joint report by UNSMIL and the UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR, 4 September 2014) documents how the ongoing fighting has impacted ordinary civilian life: multiple armed militias…

The Rise of Operation Libya Dawn in Tripoli

The week ending 13 September 2014 witnessed the highest intensity of violence involving the Operation Libya Dawn forces since the beginning of the conflict in July 2014 (see Figure 1). Groups loosely affiliated under Operation Libya Dawn continue to expand as the Libya Shield Brigade, Janzur militia and forces from Al Zawiyah added their auxiliary…

A Breakdown of Libya’s Warring Militia Groups

The complex political make-up of Libya’s fractured fighting groups has seen indiscriminate shelling of civilian areas as rival political and communal militias dominate the conflict landscape (see Figure 1).  According to an estimate by UNSMIL, since the fighting began in May 2014, at least 100,000 Libyans have been internally displaced (UNSMIL, 2014: 7). Fighting in Benghazi…

Update of ACLED Resources on Central African Republic

CAR has long been a site of numerous crises. The recent escalation in violent conflict in the country has seen a dramatic increase in the intensity and frequency of attacks on civilians in particular. ACLED researchers have compiled a selection of resources to facilitate analysis of the levels of violence within CAR over time. ACLED CAR Monadic File…

Political fragmentation in Libya puts foreign intervention on the global agenda

Islamist militias from the city of Misrata claimed control of Tripoli airport from the rival Zintan forces on August 23, 2014 after weeks of deadly clashes in the conflict hotspots of Tripoli and Benghazi (see Fig. 1). Despite this recent development, it is unlikely to quell the endemic unrest as Libya witnesses deepening domestic political…

The trend of increasing violence in post-Gaddafi Libya

Ongoing fighting between rival militias around Tripoli Airport and battles between the military and Islamist militias in Benghazi have grabbed international headlines and put the post-civil war breakdown of law and order in the North African nation back in the spotlight (BBC, 2014). Both the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and the European Union…

State Fragility

After a cursory look at the Fund for Peace’s (hereafter FFP) 2014 fragile state rankings, @ACLEDInfo mentioned on twitter that the metrics were ‘questionable’. We suggested index’s rankings of fragility bear little relationship to reality. A polite reply from the FFP opened the space for more discussion. Since a complete conversation is not ‘tweetable’, this…