The Islamic State in Yemen

Since its formation in November 2014, the Yemeni branch of the Islamic State (IS) has undergone major changes in its organisation and tactics. Thanks to a more radical stance that has attracted several fighters from the Salafist movement and Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), the group has contributed to increasing sectarianism in Yemen. As…

Lebanon – 2016 Data Release

During 2016, the war in Syria greatly impacted Lebanon due to the more than one million Syrian refugees entering the country, and the active fighting with Syrian rebel forces along the Syrian-Lebanese border. Multiple suicide bombings in June 2016 in the city of Al-Qaa, allegedly carried out by Syrians, aggravated tensions between Lebanese citizens and…

Israel and Palestine – 2016 Data Release

In 2016, an increase in the development of settlements by Israel in the Palestinian West Bank was recorded while discriminatory land policies remained in place to prevent land development by Palestinians. This context led to numerous reports of violence across the region, particularly in locations where Palestinians and ‘settlers’ live in close proximity. Israel’s support…

Turkey – 2016 Data Release

In Turkey, the beginning of 2016 was marked by escalating violence in the southeast as part of the renewed Kurdish/Turkish conflict following the 20 July 2015 Islamic State (IS) attack on the Kurdish city of Suruç. Following this attack, the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) claimed that the Turkish government was collaborating with IS, prompting a…

Bahrain – 2016 Data Release

In 2016, high periods of demonstration activity were reported during three particular periods in Bahrain. First, the year started with Saudi Arabia executing the prominent Shiite cleric Nimr Baqir al-Nimr. This led to numerous rallies and protests held by Bahraini Shiites over several days in condemnation of his killing during January 2016. Second, a surge…

Iran – 2016 Data Release

2016 was marked by an upsurge in Iran’s conflict with Kurdish insurgents. From the mid-1990s through 2016, the Iranian Kurdish parties had refrained from taking action against Iranian security forces, with the exception of sporadic attacks by Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK). However, these groups were empowered militarily over the past few years…

Iraq – 2016 Data Release

In 2016, the groundwork was laid for the dramatic defeat of the Islamic State in 2017. During offensives throughout the year, a number of towns in western Iraq in particular were recaptured — most notably the strategic town of Ar Rutba (which commands Iraqi border crossings into both Jordan and Syria) in May 2016, and…

Regional Overview – Africa 02 July 2018

Important developments in Africa in the week of June 24th included the Fulani violence in Nigeria and Benin; the high militant activity in Cameroon, Egypt and Mali; the tensions in CAR’s Nana-Gribizi prefecture; and the continued violence in South Sudan tainting the progress made simultaneously at the negotiations’ table. Relevant protests and riots also occurred…

Regional Overview – Asia 02 July 2018

Last week was marked by major protests in Afghanistan, ongoing election turmoil in Pakistan, and militant violence in Indonesia. In Afghanistan, following the end of the ceasefire, levels of political violence further increased by 20% compared to the previous week, which is a total hike of over 78% compared to the week of the ceasefire.…